icon Unlocking Insights: Understanding Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) - Naos Care
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      What is Dermatitis?


      Dermatitis is a medical condition that refers to the inflammation of the skin. In the word “dermatitis,” “derm” means “skin” and “itis” means “inflammation.” The word as a whole means “inflammation of the skin.” Dermatitis causes no serious harm to your body and it affects people of all ages and can be caused by various factors such as allergies, irritants, genetics, and other underlying medical conditions.

      What are the types of Dermatitis?

      ATOPIC DERMATITIS

      This type of dermatitis is also known as eczema. It is a chronic condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. Atopic dermatitis is often associated with other allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever.

      CONTACT DERMATITIS

      This type of dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or allergen. The symptoms may include redness, itching, and swelling. Contact dermatitis can be further classified into two types: irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.

      Seborrheic DERMATITIS

      This type of dermatitis affects areas of the skin that are rich in oil glands, such as the scalp, face, and chest. It causes redness, itching, and flaking of the skin.

      What is Atopic Dermatitis or Eczema? 


      Atopic Dermatitis, also known as Eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects 1 out of 5 children and 1% to 3% of adults worldwide. It is characterized by extremely dry skin and itchy scaly patches on the skin that can be red, inflamed, and may even ooze or crust over time.

      What is the difference between
      Psoriasis and Eczema? 

      Eczema and Psoriasis are both chronic skin conditions that can cause discomfort and redness. While they share some similarities, there are distinct differences between the two. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes skin cells to grow too quickly, resulting in thick, scaly patches on the skin. These patches can be red or silver and are often itchy and painful. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found on the scalp, knees, elbows, and lower back. Eczema is most commonly found on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, and upper chest. One of the main differences between psoriasis and eczema is their appearance. Psoriasis usually appears as thick, scaly patches that may be red or silver in color. Eczema typically appears as dry, itchy patches that may be red or brown in color.

      What is the difference between
      Sebhorrheic Dermatitis and Eczema? 

      Eczema and seborrheic dermatitis are two common skin conditions that can cause similar symptoms, but have different underlying causes and treatments. Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. and the symptoms may include dry, itchy, red, and scaly patches of skin that can become cracked and painful. On the other hand, seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition that causes flaky, oily patches of skin on the scalp, face, and other areas of the body. It is caused by an overgrowth of yeast on the skin, which leads to inflammation and irritation. Symptoms may include redness, itching, scaling, and flaking of the affected areas.

      Is Eczema transmissble?

      While eczema is not contagious and cannot be spread from person to person through direct contact or airborne particles, there is evidence to suggest that it may have a hereditary component and be transmitted from the genes. According to the National Eczema Association, eczema is often found in families with a history of allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever. This suggests that there may be a genetic predisposition to developing eczema. However, having a family history of eczema does not necessarily mean that an individual will develop the condition.

      Is there any cure for Eczema?


      Although there is no cure for eczema, with proper management and treatment, many people with this condition are able to live symptom-free or with minimal symptoms. Eczema typically develops in early childhood and in a small number of cases spontaneously resolves on its own. For everyone else, eczema is usually a lifelong skin condition. While scientists have yet to find a cure, there are treatments and ways to manage your eczema to minimize flare-ups.

      What is an itch-scratch cycle?


      The itch-scratch cycle in eczema is a self-perpetuating cycle of itching and scratching that exacerbates the symptoms of eczema. In simpler words, the itch causes the scratch, and the scratch causes more inflammation that leads to flare ups. The itch-scratch cycle begins when the skin becomes itchy due to inflammation or irritation. The urge to scratch the affected area is often irresistible, leading to mechanical trauma to the skin, which further aggravates inflammation and itching. Scratching also damages the skin barrier, making it more susceptible to infection, which can further worsen eczema symptoms. This cycle can be difficult to break and can lead to chronic eczema. Thus, it is important to take meaures , avoid triggers and to resist each time you feel the urge to itch.

      Dry skin vs Eczema


      Dry skin and eczema can have similar symptoms, making it difficult to tell the difference between the two. However, there are some key differences that can help distinguish dry skin from eczema. Dry skin is a common condition that occurs when the skin loses moisture. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including cold weather, low humidity, hot showers or baths, harsh soaps or detergents, and certain medical conditions. The symptoms of dry skin include itching, flaking, scaling, and roughness. In some cases, the skin may also appear red or inflamed. One way to distinguish between dry skin and eczema is to look at the location of the symptoms. Dry skin tends to occur in areas where there is less oil production, such as the arms and legs. 

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