How to take care of eczema on the skin?

How to take care of eczema on the skin?

Everyone’s skin is unique and reacts differently. However, all dry and atopic skin has something in common:  lipid deficiency and a lack of moisture, which can lead to skin irritation. Proper moisturising is therefore critical to restore and soothe the skin.

Daily moisturising should become a habit for dry or atopic skin; this is especially true considering that our skin becomes increasingly drier as we age. Parents of young children should teach them essential skin moisturising practices, which will be valuable to them throughout their lives.

Add moisture to soothe skin irritation

Everyone’s skin is unique and reacts differently. However, all dry and atopic skin has something in common : lipid deficiency and a lack of moisture. Proper moisturising is therefore critical to restore and soothe the skin.

Atopic skin is essentially skin with holes. It’s permeable to the external environment, which is likely to cross through it. The skin can therefore be compared to a wall whose bricks are normal but whose cement is of poor quality due to a lack of proteins and fats.

This results in skin cells that lack cohesion. The skin is no longer impermeable to external factors (allergens, bacteria, pollution including tobacco, etc.), and transepidermal water loss increases.

The immune system can also be overstimulated by allergens and irritants that enter through the “holes” of dry or atopic skin. It gets out of control and triggers atopic eczema flare-ups that are difficult to treat1.

To stop this chain reaction, action must be taken upstream by targeting the causes, not the consequences: moisturise, moisturise, moisturise!

Treat your skin to the best moisturiser for dry skin !

Regardless of age, dry or atopic skin is a cause of concern and can become a real nightmare. Babies, children and adults experience cutaneous and psychological symptoms related to dry or atopic skin (redness, itching, eczema patches, etc.). Dr Magali Bourrel-Bouttaz stresses the fact that the impact of this disease should not be underestimated, even for young children: The idea that babies are too young to be treated is incorrect.

Just because the symptoms of atopy spontaneously disappear in 75% of cases doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be treated.  This phenomenon is exacerbated in people over the age of 50, whose skin is even drier.

From the age of three, children’s drawings can show disruptions in the construction of their identity due to atopic eczema. This situation can be corrected, of course, but the greater the damage to their self-esteem, the longer it takes for them to recover. This means that the symptoms should be treated as early as possible.

Moisturising the skin isn’t magic: it’s simple science.

A simple, consistent daily cleansing and care routine is necessary to respect and protect the skin.

Two are better than one when it comes to moisturising your dry skin.

A gentle cleanser combined with a protective moisturiser will be your allies for protected, soothed skin. This winning duo will leave your skin moisturised and comfortable.

A gentle soap-free cleanser 

The role of soap is to eliminate fatty substances from your skin, whether they are natural or of external origin. With dry and atopic skin, this lipid protection needs to be preserved to limit irritation3. Therefore, you should never use soaps, even if they are organic or natural. Instead, you should choose a gentle soap-free cleanser such as a shower oil that will not aggressively strip the skin of its lipids3 but will reduce water evaporation from the skin4.

Additional moisturising product

Emollient products moisturise the epidermis while reducing water loss from the skin3,4. Some of the components in emollients help reactivate the synthesis of the skin’s natural lipids. The skin barrier is thus restructured from within. Its physiological properties are active once again: protection against harsh external factors and reduction of water evaporation from the skin3,4.

You can never be too young or old to moisturise

Skin over the age of 50 is often dry, rough and flaky. Sometimes it is cracked, with intense itching. This condition is known as senile xerosis, a medical term that means skin dryness caused by ageing. This dryness is natural and worsens over the years. 

As soon as the first signs appear, it is important to establish a preventive and moisturising routine to care for your mature skin. Don’t let your skin ruin your life. Establish a daily “well-being” routine and choose the very best for your skin:

  1. a gentle soap-free cleanser
  2. a moisturiser

After the age of 50,  you don’t want to use soap or a stripping cleansing solution that would further dry out your skin.  To treat skin dryness, you need to apply a larger amount of emollient. Food supplements containing omega-3 and -6 fatty acids are also beneficial and can promote healthy skin.

Don’t feel helpless if you have dry and atopic skin. From an early age and throughout your life, a simple skin routine will help you take back control over your dry or atopic skin. Gently cleanse your skin without soap to avoid irritation and then protect your cleansed skin with a large dose of moisturiser.

Be ready to love your skin!

Références :
1. La dermatite atopique, Dr Delphine Staumont,éducation-therapeutique-et-dermatite-atopique
2. Prise en charge de la dermatite atopique de l’enfant, Conférence de consensus, texte long. Ann Dermatol Venereol 2005 ;132 :1S19-33
3. Oszukowska M et al. Role of primary and secondary prevention in atopic dermatitis. Postepy Deramtol Alergol 2015;32(6):409-420
4. Waldman A et al. Atopic dermatitis. Pediatr Rev 2018;39(4):180-193
5. Abels C and Angelova-Fisher I. Skin care products: age-appropriate cosmetics. Curr Probl dermatol 2018;54:173-182